Absence seizures usually occur in children between ages 4 to 14. A child may have 10, 50, or even 100 absence seizures in a given day and they may go unnoticed. Most children who have typical absence seizures are otherwise normal.
What does an absence seizure look like in a toddler?
Absence seizures involve brief, sudden lapses of consciousness. They’re more common in children than in adults. Someone having an absence seizure may look like he or she is staring blankly into space for a few seconds. Then, there is a quick return to a normal level of alertness.
How do you know if your toddler is having a seizure?
What are the symptoms of a seizure in a child?
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs.
- Stiffening of the body.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Breathing problems or stopping breathing.
- Loss of bowel or bladder control.
- Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.
What is the drug of choice for absence seizures in a child 2 years of age?
Children may be able to taper off anti-seizure medications, under a doctor’s supervision, after they’ve been seizure-free for two years. Drugs prescribed for absence seizure include: Ethosuximide (Zarontin). This is the drug most doctors start with for absence seizures.
What foods can trigger absence seizures?
Stimulants such as tea, coffee, chocolate, sugar, sweets, soft drinks, excess salt, spices and animal proteins may trigger seizures by suddenly changing the body’s metabolism. Some parents have reported that allergic reactions to certain foods (e.g. white flour) also seem to trigger seizures in their children.
Can absence seizures cause speech delay?
Several studies(11,40) found that children with absence epilepsy (a generalized seizure disorder) had worse language performance than children with focal epilepsy (seizures originating in one area in the brain).
Can absence seizures cause developmental delays in toddlers?
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is an uncommon form of epilepsy that causes difficult-to-control seizures, including tonic, atonic, prolonged absences, and generalized convulsions. Almost all children who have Lennox-Gastaut syndrome have cognitive and developmental delays.
Can a toddler have a seizure while sleeping?
Children may also have convulsions during a nocturnal seizure. Most nocturnal seizures are brief and mainly occur at the beginning of the night or just before waking. Lack of sleep, stress, and certain sounds can trigger nocturnal seizures in some children.
What do you do when a toddler has a seizure?
What to Do if Your Child Has a Seizure:
- Gently place your child on the floor or ground, and remove any nearby objects.
- Lay your child on his or her side to prevent choking on saliva (spit).
- If your child vomits, clear out the mouth gently with your finger.
- Loosen any clothing around the head or neck.
What triggers childhood absence epilepsy?
What Causes Childhood Absence Epilepsy? CAE is caused by genetic changes or mutations. Many children have a relative with CAE. Sometimes kids with absence seizures can have other types of seizures too.
What happens if you have two seizures in one day?
Conclusion: If two or more unprovoked seizures (with normal consciousness between) occur on the same day, the child appears to have epilepsy and will have a clinical course identical to that of the child with a longer time interval between the first two seizures.