Severe lack of vitamin D causes rickets, which shows up in children as incorrect growth patterns, weakness in muscles, pain in bones and deformities in joints. This is very rare. However, children who are deficient in vitamin D can also have muscle weakness or sore and painful muscles.
What causes low vitamin D in a child?
The known risk factors associated with vitamin D deficiency are skin pigmentation, older age, lesser sunlight exposure, lower intake of vitamin D rich food or supplements, and higher body mass index (BMI)5,10,11).
Is low vitamin D in children normal?
Nearly one in 10 kids — 7.6 million American children — are actually deficient in vitamin D. Low vitamin D is risky, but vitamin D deficiency is a serious health threat in which the body begins to reabsorb calcium from the skeleton.
Is vitamin D deficiency serious?
If left untreated over time, vitamin D deficiency can lead to serious bone disorders. For example, severe and long-term vitamin D deficiency may result in rickets or osteomalacia.
What should a kids vitamin D level be?
Vitamin D testing
Routine testing isn’t recommended for all children, but some may benefit from a laboratory assessment. Although some labs report levels below 30 ng/mL (nanograms per milliliter) as low, most pediatric bone specialists agree that levels greater than 20 ng/mL of 25(OH)D are adequate for most children.
What is the minimum vitamin D level?
The most accurate way to measure how much vitamin D is in your body is the 25-hydroxy vitamin D blood test. A level of 20 nanograms/milliliter to 50 ng/mL is considered adequate for healthy people. A level less than 12 ng/mL indicates vitamin D deficiency.
How can I check my vitamin D levels at home?
Everlywell is an online company that offers a variety of at-home test kits and ships within the U.S. An Everlywell vitamin D test involves a person taking a finger-prick blood sample. Results will show whether a person’s vitamin D levels are elevated, adequate, or suboptimal.
How long does it take to correct a vitamin D deficiency?
Simply adding an over-the-counter vitamin D supplement can make improvements in just three to four months’ time. Vitamin D with a strength of 2000 international units daily is the recommended dose for most adults.
Which fruits are rich in vitamin D?
Foods that provide vitamin D include:
- Fatty fish, like tuna, mackerel, and salmon.
- Foods fortified with vitamin D, like some dairy products, orange juice, soy milk, and cereals.
- Beef liver.
- Egg yolks.
How many minutes of sun do you need for vitamin D?
Regular sun exposure is the most natural way to get enough vitamin D. To maintain healthy blood levels, aim to get 10–30 minutes of midday sunlight, several times per week. People with darker skin may need a little more than this. Your exposure time should depend on how sensitive your skin is to sunlight.
Can Low Vit D cause weight gain?
Vitamin D deficiency can indirectly cause weight gain by increasing depression, instigating bone mass loss, and causing tiredness or fatigue.
Why the vitamin D is low?
What causes a vitamin D deficiency? A deficiency in vitamin D can result from inadequate exposure to sunlight, inefficient production in the skin, not enough vitamin D in your diet, and health conditions that can affect it including, gastrointestinal disorders, renal diseases, and liver diseases.
What is a normal vitamin D level?
The normal range of vitamin D is measured as nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). Many experts recommend a level between 20 and 40 ng/mL. Others recommend a level between 30 and 50 ng/mL.