The bottom line: For most women, iron supplementation is safe during pregnancy. However, not every mom-to-be needs extra iron, especially since the mineral is already in most prenatal vitamins and can be found in certain foods. As always, talk to your practitioner before adding any new supplements to your diet.
Is it necessary to take iron tablets during pregnancy?
You need at least 27 mg of iron, but try not to get more than 45 mg each day during your pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Be sure to take iron supplements exactly as your doctor recommends. Iron supplements may cause nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea.
What happens if you don’t take iron pills while pregnant?
How does iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy affect the baby? Severe anemia during pregnancy increases your risk of premature birth, having a low birth weight baby and postpartum depression. Some studies also show an increased risk of infant death immediately before or after birth.
Can low iron affect pregnancy?
Throughout pregnancy, iron deficiency anemia adversely affects the maternal and fetal well-being, and is linked to increased morbidity and fetal death. Affected mothers frequently experience breathing difficulties, fainting, tiredness, palpitations, and sleep difficulties.
When should a pregnant woman start taking iron?
An appropriate time to begin iron supplementation at a dose of 30 mg/day is after about week 12 of gestation (the beginning of the second trimester), when the iron requirements for pregnancy begin to increase.
Which trimester is iron most important?
As pregnancy progresses, iron requirements for fetal growth rise steadily in proportion to the weight of the fetus, with most of the iron accumulating during the third trimester (10; Figure 1).
Can too much iron hurt a fetus?
Women who are iron deficient may need extra iro, but in the case of non-anemic pregnant women, supplemental iron during pregnancy may be harmful. Previous studies have shown that higher than normal iron levels increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth, and maternal high blood pressure.
Can iron supplements hurt my baby?
How much iron is too much? Aim to get no more than 45 milligrams of iron a day. If you take more than that (either from an extra iron supplement or from your prenatal vitamin), it can cause your blood levels of iron to rise too high, possibly causing problems for you and your baby.
What should I eat if I have low iron during pregnancy?
- Eat iron-rich foods such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dried beans and fortified grains. …
- Eat foods high in folic acid, such as dried beans, dark green leafy vegetables, wheat germ and orange juice.
- Eat foods high in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits and fresh, raw vegetables.
What does low iron mean when pregnant?
When iron levels are low, the red blood cells are unable to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. Although it is normal to experience mild anemia during pregnancy due to increased blood volume, severe anemia may put you and your baby at risk of premature delivery and low birth weight.
Can you have a miscarriage due to low iron?
Around 35 percent of expectant mothers may be at risk of pregnancy complications – such as miscarriage or preterm birth – as a result of iron deficiency.
Can low iron cause headaches during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, your body needs iron to help your baby grow. Pregnant women actually need twice as much iron to support a healthy birth weight and development. If you are not getting enough iron, you may have shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches, or irregular heartbeat.
Which week does baby grow the most?
Second trimester (14 weeks and 0 days to 27 weeks and 6 days): The time of rapid growth and development. Third trimester (28 weeks and 0 days to 40 weeks and 6 days): The time when the fetus’s weight increases and the organs mature so they will be ready to function after birth.
What should your iron levels be when pregnant?
What is iron deficiency anaemia? We expect your haemoglobin level to be at least 110 g/L in the first trimester, 105 g/L at 28 weeks and 100g/L following delivery.