Because iodine is so critical to fetal health, the National Institutes of Health’s Office of Dietary Supplements recommends women get 150 micrograms (mcg) of iodine per day before pregnancy, 220 mcg during pregnancy and 290 mcg while breastfeeding.
When should I start taking iodine during pregnancy?
You should take it from when you first find out you are pregnant until you stop breastfeeding. It contains 150 mcg of iodine.
How much iodine do I need daily while pregnant?
While many women report that they have “tested within normal limits for everything” and have a balanced diet, the American Thyroid Association, American Academy of Pediatrics and the Endocrine Society recommend a prenatal supplement of at least 150 micrograms of elemental iodine per day for every pregnant woman.
Do I need iodine when pregnant?
Iodine is essential for the production of maternal and fetal thyroid hormones that regulate the development of the fetal brain and nervous system (1). A woman’s iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy to ensure adequate supply to the fetus (2).
What happens if I don’t take iodine during pregnancy?
If she is deficient in iodine and thyroid hormone both during pregnancy and during pre-conception, the baby risks mental impairment. Severe iodine deficiency can lead to the extreme disability known as cretinism.
How can I get iodine while pregnant?
An easy way to make sure that you are getting iodine in your diet is to use iodized salt when cooking and at the dinner table. You can also take a daily prenatal vitamin that contains at least 150 mcg of iodine if you are pregnant or are planning to become pregnant.
Should you take folic acid after 12 weeks?
Most adults and children can take folic acid. If you’re pregnant or trying for a baby, it’s recommended you take folic acid until you’re 12 weeks pregnant. It helps your baby grow normally. You’re unlikely to get side effects with folic acid, but some people feel sick, lose their appetite, get wind or feel bloated.
Does iodine affect pregnancy?
A new study warns that excessive iodine exposure might also be detrimental to maternal thyroid health and recommends a lower limit for maternal iodine intake during pregnancy than that currently advised by the WHO. Iodine is an essential micronutrient for thyroid hormone synthesis.
Why do you take iodine during pregnancy?
Iodine helps the body to grow and develop, especially the brain. Because babies get iodine from their mothers, pregnant and breastfeeding women need more iodine. During pregnancy and while breastfeeding, choose foods that are high in iodine and take an iodine tablet every day.