If you have extra red blood cells stored in your bone marrow before you get pregnant, your body can use those stores during pregnancy. Women who don’t have enough iron stores can get iron-deficiency anemia. This is the most common type of anemia in pregnancy.
What happens if you don’t get enough iron while pregnant?
How does iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy affect the baby? Severe anemia during pregnancy increases your risk of premature birth, having a low birth weight baby and postpartum depression. Some studies also show an increased risk of infant death immediately before or after birth.
What causes low iron levels in pregnancy?
Pregnancy is often the cause of iron-deficiency anaemia. You and your baby need a lot more iron to make red blood cells while you’re pregnant. Iron-deficiency anaemia can happen when you are not eating enough food with iron.
How can I increase my iron during pregnancy?
The follow foods are all good sources of iron:
- red meat, oily fish and eggs.
- green leafy vegetables such as broccoli or spring greens.
- beans, such as red kidney beans, black-eyed peas, baked beans and chickpeas.
- soya beans and soya products, such as tofu.
- nuts and dried fruit, such as dried apricots.
How common is iron deficiency in pregnancy?
This is the leading cause of anemia in the United States, and consequently, the most common type of anemia during pregnancy. Approximately 15% to 25% of all pregnancies experience iron deficiency.
Which trimester is iron most important?
As pregnancy progresses, iron requirements for fetal growth rise steadily in proportion to the weight of the fetus, with most of the iron accumulating during the third trimester (10; Figure 1).
What should I eat if I have low iron during pregnancy?
- Eat iron-rich foods such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dried beans and fortified grains. …
- Eat foods high in folic acid, such as dried beans, dark green leafy vegetables, wheat germ and orange juice.
- Eat foods high in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits and fresh, raw vegetables.
Can anemia in pregnancy harm my baby?
Anemia may cause your baby to not grow to a healthy weight. Your baby may also arrive early (preterm birth) or have a low birth weight. Anemia is usually found during a routine blood test for hemoglobin or hematocrit levels. Treatment depends on the type of anemia and how bad it is.
How can I raise my iron levels quickly?
Foods high in iron include:
- meat, such as lamb, pork, chicken, and beef.
- beans, including soybeans.
- pumpkin and squash seeds.
- leafy greens, such as spinach.
- raisins and other dried fruit.
- seafood, such as clams, sardines, shrimp, and oysters.
Which fruit is high in iron?
Summary: Prune juice, olives and mulberries are the three types of fruit with the highest iron concentration per portion. These fruit also contain antioxidants and a variety of other nutrients beneficial to health.
What is the best time to take iron tablets during pregnancy?
Try to take the pills on an empty stomach about 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. But you may need to take iron with food to avoid an upset stomach. Do not take antacids or drink milk or caffeine drinks (such as coffee, tea, or cola) at the same time or within 2 hours of the time that you take your iron.
Do prenatal vitamins have iron?
As you likely know, prenatal vitamins are supplements to your diet – and recommended by almost all folks involved in prenatal care. As you also likely know, most prenatal vitamins contain minerals, including iron. Why? Because during the 9 months of your pregnancy, you and your growing baby need about 1000 mg of iron.
Are iron tablets safe in pregnancy?
Pregnant women need 27mg iron each day. Pregnant women should not eat more than 45 mg iron each day. Eating too much iron can be toxic and cause organ damage. Iron tablets (supplements) should only be taken when a blood test has confirmed that your levels are low.
Is it safe to take iron while pregnant?
You need at least 27 mg of iron, but try not to get more than 45 mg each day during your pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Be sure to take iron supplements exactly as your doctor recommends. Iron supplements may cause nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea.